Tiada bunyi pada Formula E

POSTED BY Nigel Andretti ON 28 November 2014

Formula E
Oleh Yamin Vong
MALAYSIA hosted its first single seater Formula E electric car race at Putrajaya last Saturday (november 22).
The silence was deafening and by this, I don’t mean the electric race cars which actually produced the whine and whistle of electric motors.
I refer to the paucity of publicity and advertisements to promote the event in Malaysia.
According to some of the sponsors of the Formula E in Malaysia, a sum of RM60 million had been allocated by the Malaysian government to the world rights holders to bring the race to Putrajaya.
Walau bagaimanapun, it seemed that the company that had secured the Malaysian commercial rights did not spend much of the RM30 million it had proposed for advertising, marketing and promotion (AMP).
It’s understood that three months ago when the Formula E owners wanted an update on the progress in Malaysia, they were shocked by the puny AMP activity.
Until two weeks before the event, people also didn’t know where to buy tickets. Seeing the looming disaster, the newspapers, yang NST-Cars, Basikal dan Lori especially, gave whatever publicity they could to raise public awareness.
The Formula E is the world’s first open wheeler electric vehicle race. It is a creation of Spanish and European motorsports enthusiasts who had the vision of extending the domain of motor racing from the traditional internal combustion engines to electric motors.
Backed by a Spanish billionaire, the team of organisers mainly drawn from Formula 1 won the sanction of FIA’s chairman, Jean Todt, and the FIA.
The whole race event is run in just one day, sabtu. Dalam perbandingan, a Formula 1 race is held over three days with the grand prix on Sunday, coinciding with Europe’s peak TV viewership.
For this year, the first year, Formula E is a one-make race with identical chassis and driveline designed and manufactured by Spark-Renault.
Michelin is the tyre sponsor and make only one type of tyre for Formula E. Dalam perbandingan, formula 1 has three tyre rubber compounds – wet, intermediate and dry.
"Bagaimanapun, we have a very special set for very heavy rain,” Serge Grisin, Michelin’s Formula E project head told CBT.
“We want to keep everything as realistic as possible for real world cars. So no wet, intermediate or dry tyres,” added Beltran Yturriaga, Michelin’s regional manager based in Malaysia.
Grisin said that Michelin sends 160 tyres per race for the 10 pasukan, each running two cars.
Next year, the teams can develop their own drivelines – electric motor and the five-speed gearbox – in compliance with FIA specifications.
In the third year, they can use their own battery packs in compliance with the FIA’s Formula E specifications.
This is the way that motorsports will help grow the development of electric vehicles.
Malaysia has an ambitious goal of becoming a regional hub for the production of Energy Efficient Vehicles (EEV), Termasuk, but not limited to electric vehicles.
There must be a big plan, call it vision, to keep alive the hope for Malaysia to become an automotive hub of any sort when the regional scene is dominated by Thailand, and increasingly, Indonesia.
The electric vehicle is a suitably big vision because it seems so distant compared to the reality of the import substitution that prevails in the Malaysian automotive industry.
The chance for this electric car dream to become real depends on two factors: fuel price and flexible government response.
Fuel pricing at open market level is critical so to minimise socio-economic distortion.
It is sad that, desperate to win popularity, some in government go to the extent of dangling the possibility that the government will re-introduce fuel subsidies if oil prices go up.
This wavering is counterproductive.
When the government announced the withdrawal of fuel subsidies, foreign markets quickly uprated the Malaysian economythat’s how vital it is to an economy to have open market pricing of oil and gas.
Politicians should be aware that they are not giving us subsidies or doing us favours. People, including politicians of course, are funding the fuel subsidies by paying their taxes.
Subsidies are not given by the government: they are derived from tax payers. If anything, strategy should be to reduce taxes in tandem with reductions in subsidies.
Ministers and government leaders should manage and implement policies that improve the nation, not their own popularity.
Populist policies are short term, and in the main, benefits not national development.
Motorists aren’t by a long shot flirting with the poverty line.
And fuel is easy to smuggle.
The government should redistribute the RM24 billion it used to spend on fuel subsidies to the rural poor.
Subsidies should be sustainable and can’t be smuggled easily.
misalnya, more fertilisers for farmers, outboard motors and aquaculture cages for fishermen, more hospitals and hospital beds, better pay for schoolteachers and higher quality education from higher quality schoolteachers.
We can have food programmes for students who go to school hungry, or high-density urban housing using the Singapore HDB model.
The good news is that the Ministry of International Trade and Industry and its specialised agency, the Malaysia Automotive Institute (MORE), is responsive to feedback from the automotive sector.
The ministry will announce a review of the National Automotive Policy (NAP) early next year.
The wish is for the NAP 4.0 to be more inclusive of the Ministry of Finance so that the customised incentives can be converted into a transparent formula.
I say this because it’s obvious that the MITI wants to incentivise car makers to build their EEVs in Malaysia but it hasn’t got blanket approval from the Ministry of Finance to give incentives. So it gives incentives on a case-by-case basis and with the consent of the MOF.
Kedua, the NAP 4.0 must allow Electric Vehicles and 60km range Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (Phevs) to be imported tax free.
These are early days for electric vehicles and consequently, they are expensive. A mass market EV such as the Nissan Leaf costs about USD 28,000 (RM94,000). With our current tax on CBU cars, who wants to buy a RM170,000 Nissan Leaf?
If these these EVs and Phev’s (with a real electric range of at least 50 km) are allowed to be imported duty free, then sales would achieve and eventually reach the volume where a foreign car maker would decide to make the EV or Phev in Malaysia for domestic sales and regional export.
Mudah-mudahan, the government realises that to achieve its goal of electric propulsion and regional exports, it must allow the EV and Phev sector to be fully open for motorists to make their choice from a level playing field.
The wonderful part about Malaysia is that its car buyers have a good appetite for tax-free cars.
The proof is the skyrocketing sales of the Toyota Prius over the three years when the government allowed its import duty free.


maaf, tiada kiriman yang sepadan dengan kriteria anda.